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Christopher Giza, M.D.

Biography

Christopher Giza graduated from Dartmouth College, received his M.D. from West Virginia University and completed his internship at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Giza then trained in Adult and Pediatric Neurology at UCLA, after which he worked on the Yosemite Search and Rescue team. In 1998, he returned to UCLA and joined the Brain Injury Research Center. Dr. Giza leads the Pediatric TBI program at UCLA. He traveled to Afghanistan in 2011 as a civilian advisor to the Department of Defense and in 2012 established UCLA BrainSPORT, a comprehensive sports concussion/mild TBI program for prevention, outreach, research and treatment. In 2012, he received the “Professional in the Field Award” from the Brain Injury Association of California. Dr. Giza co-Chaired the American Academy of Neurology’s committee that developed an evidence-based Practice Guideline for Management of Sports Concussions in 2013. He serves on the Center for Disease Control’s Pediatric mild TBI committee, the NCAA Concussion Task Force, the Major League Soccer Concussion Program Committee and has served as Vice-Chair for the California State Athletic Commission. He directs the NFL Neurological Care Program at UCLA. He is currently Professor of Pediatric Neurology and Neurosurgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine and Mattel Children’s Hospital – UCLA. His research interests include neuroplasticity, recovery from injury, sport-related concussions, post-traumatic epilepsy and brain development.

Publications

A selected list of publications:

Madikians A and Giza CC.   A Clinician’s Guide to the Pathophysiology of Traumatic Brain Injury, Indian Journal of Neurotrauma, 2006; 3(1): 9-17.
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Giza, CC.   Better Never Than Late: Lasting Effects of Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury, Indian Journal of Neurotrauma, 2006; 3(1): 19-26.
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Prins ML, Giza CC   Induction of monocarboxylate transporter-2 expression and ketone transport following traumatic brain injury in juvenile and adult rats, Developmental Neuroscience, 2006; 28(4-5): 447-56.
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Giza CC, Santa Maria NS, and Hovda DA.   N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit changes following traumatic injury to the developing brain, Journal of Neurotrauma, 2006; 23(6): 950-61.
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Bhidayashiri R, Waters M and Giza CC.   Neurological Differential Diagnosis: A Prioritized Approach, , 2005; .
Bhidayasiri R and Giza CC.   Images in Pediatric Neurosurgery – Subdural hematoma and retinal hemorrhages in an infant: accidental or non-accidental injury?, Pediatric Neurosurgery, 2004; 40(3): 147-8.
Osteen CL, Giza CC and Hovda DA.   Injury-induced alterations in NMDA receptor subunit composition contribute to prolonged 45calcium accumulation following lateral fluid percussion, Neuroscience, 2004; 128(2): 305-322.
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Giza CC, Prins ML, Hovda DA, Herschman HR and Feldman JD.   Genes preferentially induced by depolarization after concussive brain injury: Effects of age and injury severity, Journal of Neurotrauma, 2002; 19(4): 387-402.
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Sánchez Sarah M, Arndt Daniel H, Carpenter Jessica L, Chapman Kevin E, Cornett Karen M, Dlugos Dennis J, Gallentine William B, Giza Christopher C, Goldstein Joshua L, Hahn Cecil D, Lerner Jason T, Loddenkemper Tobias, Matsumoto Joyce H, McBain Kristin, Nash Kendall B, Payne Eric, Sánchez Fernández Iván, Shults Justine, Williams Korwyn, Yang Amy, Abend Nicholas S   Electroencephalography monitoring in critically ill children: Current practice and implications for future study design Epilepsia, 2013; 54(8): 1419-27.
Abend Nicholas S, Arndt Daniel H, Carpenter Jessica L, Chapman Kevin E, Cornett Karen M, Gallentine William B, Giza Christopher C, Goldstein Joshua L, Hahn Cecil D, Lerner Jason T, Loddenkemper Tobias, Matsumoto Joyce H, McBain Kristin, Nash Kendall B, Payne Eric, Sánchez Sarah M, Fernández Iván Sánchez, Shults Justine, Williams Korwyn, Yang Amy, Dlugos Dennis J   Electrographic seizures in pediatric ICU patients: Cohort study of risk factors and mortality Neurology, 2013; 81(4): 383-391.
Van Cleve William, Kernic Mary A, Ellenbogen Richard G, Wang Jin, Zatzick Douglas F, Bell Michael J, Wainwright Mark S, Groner Jonathan I, Mink Richard B, Giza Christopher C, Boyle Linda Ng, Mitchell Pamela H, Rivara Frederick P, Vavilala Monica S, Vavilala Monica S   National Variability in Intracranial Pressure Monitoring and Craniotomy for Children with Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Neurosurgery, 2013; 81(4): .
Kernic Mary A, Rivara Frederick P, Zatzick Douglas F, Bell Michael J, Wainwright Mark S, Groner Jonathan I, Giza Christopher C, Mink Richard B, Ellenbogen Richard G, Boyle Linda, Mitchell Pamela H, Kannan Nithya, Vavilala Monica S, Vavilala Monica S   Triage of children with moderate and severe traumatic brain injury to trauma centers Journal of neurotrauma, 2013; 30(13): 1129-36.
Giza Christopher C, Kutcher Jeffrey S, Ashwal Stephen, Barth Jeffrey, Getchius Thomas S D, Gioia Gerard A, Gronseth Gary S, Guskiewicz Kevin, Mandel Steven, Manley Geoffrey, McKeag Douglas B, Thurman David J, Zafonte Ross   Summary of evidence-based guideline update: evaluation and management of concussion in sports: report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology Neurology, 2013; 80(24): 2250-7.
Sanchez Sarah M, Carpenter Jessica, Chapman Kevin E, Dlugos Dennis J, Gallentine William B, Giza Christopher C, Goldstein Joshua L, Hahn Cecil D, Kessler Sudha K, Loddenkemper Tobias, Riviello James J, Abend Nicholas S, Abend Nicholas S   Pediatric ICU EEG monitoring: current resources and practice in the United States and Canada Journal of clinical neurophysiology : official publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society, 2013; 30(2): 156-60.
Matsumoto Joyce H, Caplan Rochelle, McArthur David L, Forgey Marcy J, Yudovin Sue, Giza Christopher C   Prevalence of epileptic and nonepileptic events after pediatric traumatic brain injury Epilepsy & behavior : E&B, 2013; 27(1): 233-7.
Prins Mayumi L, Alexander Daya, Giza Christopher C, Hovda David A   Repeated mild traumatic brain injury: mechanisms of cerebral vulnerability Journal of neurotrauma, 2013; 30(1): 30-8.
Choe Meeryo C, Babikian Talin, DiFiori John, Hovda David A, Giza Christopher C   A pediatric perspective on concussion pathophysiology Current opinion in pediatrics, 2012; 24(6): 689-95.
Reger Maxine L, Poulos Andrew M, Buen Floyd, Giza Christopher C, Hovda David A, Fanselow Michael S   Concussive Brain Injury Enhances Fear Learning and Excitatory Processes in the Amygdala Biological psychiatry, 2011; .
Adelson P David, Pineda Jose, Bell Michael J, Abend Nicholas S, Berger Rachel P, Giza Christopher C, Hotz Gillian, Wainwright Mark S   Common Data Elements for Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: Recommendations from the Working Group on Demographics and Clinical Assessment Journal of neurotrauma, 2011; .
Shrey Daniel W, Griesbach Grace S, Giza Christopher C   The pathophysiology of concussions in youth Physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of North America, 2011; 22(4): 577-602, vii.
Hutson Che Brown, Lazo Carlos R, Mortazavi Farzad, Giza Christopher C, Hovda David, Chesselet Marie-Francoise   Traumatic brain injury in adult rats causes progressive nigrostriatal dopaminergic cell loss and enhanced vulnerability to the pesticide paraquat Journal of neurotrauma, 2011; 28(9): 1783-801.
Cazalis Fabienne, Babikian Talin, Giza Christopher, Copeland Sarah, Hovda David, Asarnow Robert F   Pivotal role of anterior cingulate cortex in working memory after traumatic brain injury in youth Frontiers in neurology, 2011; 1(17): 158.
Kutcher Jeffrey S, Giza Christopher C   Sideline assessment of sports concussion: the lure of simplicity Neurology, 2011; 76(17): 1450-1.
Giza Christopher C, Difiori John P   Pathophysiology of sports-related concussion: an update on basic science and translational research Sports health, 2011; 3(1): 46-51.
Barkhoudarian Garni, Hovda David A, Giza Christopher C   The molecular pathophysiology of concussive brain injury Clinics in sports medicine, 2011; 30(1): 33-48, vii-iii.
Schober Michelle E, Block Benjamin, Beachy Joanna C, Statler Kimberly D, Giza Christopher C, Lane Robert H   Early and sustained increase in the expression of hippocampal IGF-1, but not EPO, in a developmental rodent model of traumatic brain injury Journal of neurotrauma, 2010; 27(11): 2011-20.
Babikian Talin, Prins Mayumi L, Cai Yan, Barkhoudarian Garni, Hartonian Ivet, Hovda David A, Giza Christopher C   Molecular and physiological responses to juvenile traumatic brain injury: focus on growth and metabolism Developmental neuroscience, 2010; 32(5-6): 431-41.
Babikian Talin, Marion Sarah Deboard, Copeland Sarah, Alger Jeffry R, O’Neill Joseph, Cazalis Fabienne, Mink Richard, Giza Christopher C, Vu Jennifer A, Hilleary Suzanne M, Kernan Claudia L, Newman Nina, Asarnow Robert F   Metabolic levels in the corpus callosum and their structural and behavioral correlates after moderate to severe pediatric TBI Journal of neurotrauma, 2010; 27(3): 473-81.
Difiori John P, Giza Christopher C   New techniques in concussion imaging Current sports medicine reports, 2010; 9(1): 35-9.
Reger Maxine L, Hovda David A, Giza Christopher C   Ontogeny of Rat Recognition Memory measured by the novel object recognition task Developmental psychobiology, 2009; 51(8): 672-8.
Giza Christopher C, Kolb Bryan, Harris Neil G, Asarnow Robert F, Prins Mayumi L   Hitting a moving target: Basic mechanisms of recovery from acquired developmental brain injury Developmental neurorehabilitation, 2009; 12(5): 255-68.
Madikians Andranik, Giza Christopher C   Treatment of traumatic brain injury in pediatrics Current treatment options in neurology, 2009; 11(6): 393-404.
Giza Christopher C, Mink Richard B, Madikians Andranik   Pediatric traumatic brain injury: not just little adults Current opinion in critical care, 2007; 13(2): 143-52.
Giza Christopher C, Maria Naomi S Santa, Hovda David A   N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit changes after traumatic injury to the developing brain Journal of neurotrauma, 2006; 23(6): 950-61.
Giza Christopher C, Prins Mayumi L   Is being plastic fantastic? Mechanisms of altered plasticity after developmental traumatic brain injury Developmental neuroscience, 2006; 28(4-5): 364-79.
Gurkoff Gene G, Giza Christopher C, Hovda David A   Lateral fluid percussion injury in the developing rat causes an acute, mild behavioral dysfunction in the absence of significant cell death Brain research, 2006; 1077(1): 24-36.
Giza Christopher C, Griesbach Grace S, Hovda David A   Experience-dependent behavioral plasticity is disturbed following traumatic injury to the immature brain Behavioural brain research, 2005; 157(1): 11-22.
Zanier Elisa Roncati, Lee Stefan M, Vespa Paul M, Giza Christopher C, Hovda David A   Increased hippocampal CA3 vulnerability to low-level kainic acid following lateral fluid percussion injury Journal of neurotrauma, 2003; 20(5): 409-20.
Ip Emily Yu-Yen, Giza Christopher Conrad, Griesbach Grace Sophia, Hovda David Allen   Effects of enriched environment and fluid percussion injury on dendritic arborization within the cerebral cortex of the developing rat Journal of neurotrauma, 2002; 19(5): 573-85.
Giza Christopher C, Prins Mayumi L, Hovda David A, Herschman Harvey R, Feldman Jonathan D   Genes preferentially induced by depolarization after concussive brain injury: effects of age and injury severity Journal of neurotrauma, 2002; 19(4): 387-402.
Giza Christopher C., Hovda David A.   The Neurometabolic Cascade of Concussion Journal of athletic training, 2001; 36(3): 228-235.
Donnelly TJ and Giza CC.   Differential Diagnosis Mnemonics, , 2001; .
Fineman I, Giza CC, Nahed B, Lee SM and Hovda DA.   Inhibition of neocortical plasticity during development by moderate concussive brain injury, Journal of Neurotrauma, 2000; 17(9): 739-49.
Rabizadeh S, Ye X, Wang JJL, Sperandio S, Wang, JJL, Ellerby HM, Ellerby LM, Giza CC, Andrusiak RL, Frankowski H, Yaron Y, Moayeri NN, Rovelli G, Evans CJ, Butcher LL, Nolan GP, Assa-Munt N, and Bredesen DE.   Neurotrophin dependence domain: A domain required for the mediation of apoptosis by the p75 neurotrophin receptor, Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 2000; 15: 215-229.

David Glanzman, Ph.D.

Publications

A selected list of publications:

Roberts Adam C, Bill Brent R, Glanzman David L   Learning and memory in zebrafish larvae Frontiers in neural circuits, 2013; 7: 126.
Glanzman David L   PKM and the maintenance of memory F1000 biology reports, 2013; 5: 4.
Glanzman David L   David L. Glanzman Current biology : CB, 2012; 22(21): R895-7.
Cai Diancai, Pearce Kaycey, Chen Shanping, Glanzman David L   Reconsolidation of long-term memory in Aplysia Current biology : CB, 2012; 22(19): 1783-8.
Glanzman David L   Behavioral neuroscience: no easy path from genes to cognition Current biology : CB, 2012; 22(9): R302-4.
Glanzman David L   Olfactory habituation: fresh insights from flies Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2011; 108(36): 14711-2.
Cai Diancai, Pearce Kaycey, Chen Shanping, Glanzman David L   Protein kinase M maintains long-term sensitization and long-term facilitation in aplysia The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2011; 31(17): 6421-31.
Roberts Adam C, Reichl Jun, Song Monica Y, Dearinger Amanda D, Moridzadeh Naseem, Lu Elaine D, Pearce Kaycey, Esdin Joseph, Glanzman David L   Habituation of the C-start response in larval zebrafish exhibits several distinct phases and sensitivity to NMDA receptor blockade PloS one, 2011; 6(12): e29132.
Issa Fadi A, O’Brien Georgeann, Kettunen Petronella, Sagasti Alvaro, Glanzman David L, Papazian Diane M   Neural circuit activity in freely behaving zebrafish (Danio rerio) The Journal of experimental biology, 2011; 214(Pt 6): 1028-38.
Glanzman David L   Common mechanisms of synaptic plasticity in vertebrates and invertebrates Current biology : CB, 2010; 20(1): R31-6.
Glanzman David L   Ion pumps get more glamorous Nature neuroscience, 2010; 13(1): 4-5.
Esdin Joseph, Pearce Kaycey, Glanzman David L   Long-term habituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex in aplysia requires gene transcription, calcineurin and L-type voltage-gated calcium channels Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 2010; 4(1): 181.
Glanzman David L   Habituation in Aplysia: the Cheshire cat of neurobiology Neurobiology of learning and memory, 2009; 92(2): 147-54.
Villareal Greg, Li Quan, Cai Diancai, Fink Ann E, Lim Travis, Bougie Joanna K, Sossin Wayne S, Glanzman David L   Role of protein kinase C in the induction and maintenance of serotonin-dependent enhancement of the glutamate response in isolated siphon motor neurons of Aplysia californica The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2009; 29(16): 5100-7.
Fulton Daniel, Condro Michael C, Pearce Kaycey, Glanzman David L   The potential role of postsynaptic phospholipase C activity in synaptic facilitation and behavioral sensitization in Aplysia Journal of neurophysiology, 2008; 100(1): 108-16.
Glanzman DL   New tricks for an old slug: The critical role of postsynaptic mechanisms in learning and memory in Aplysia, Prog. Brain Res, 2008; 169C: 277-292.
Glanzman David L   New tricks for an old slug: the critical role of postsynaptic mechanisms in learning and memory in Aplysia Progress in brain research, 2008; 169(12): 277-92.
Glanzman David L   Octopus conditioning: a multi-armed approach to the LTP–learning question Current biology : CB, 2008; 18(12): R527-30.
Cai Diancai, Chen Shanping, Glanzman David L   Postsynaptic regulation of long-term facilitation in Aplysia Current biology : CB, 2008; 18(12): 920-5.
Villareal Greg, Li Quan, Cai Diancai, Glanzman David L   The role of rapid, local, postsynaptic protein synthesis in learning-related synaptic facilitation in aplysia Current biology : CB, 2007; 17(23): 2073-80.
Jami SA, Wright WG, Glanzman DL.   Differential classical conditioning of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia recruits both NMDA receptor-dependent enhancement and NMDA receptor-dependent depression of the reflex, J Neurosci, 2007; 27(12): 3064-8.
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Glanzman, D. L   Simple minds: the neurobiology of invertebrate learning and memory, Invertebrate Neurobiology, 2007; 347-380.
Villareal G, Li Q, Cai D, Glanzman DL   The role of rapid, local, postsynaptic protein synthesis in learning-related synaptic facilitation in Aplysia, Curr. Biol, 2007; 17(23): 2073-2080.
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Jami Shekib A, Wright William G, Glanzman David L   Differential classical conditioning of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia recruits both NMDA receptor-dependent enhancement and NMDA receptor-dependent depression of the reflex The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2007; 27(12): 3064-8.
Glanzman DL.   The cellular mechanisms of learning in Aplysia: of blind men and elephants, Biol Bull, 2006; 210(3): 271-9.
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Glanzman David L   The cellular mechanisms of learning in Aplysia: of blind men and elephants The Biological bulletin, 2006; 210(3): 271-9.
Li Q, Roberts AC, Glanzman DL.   Synaptic facilitation and behavioral dishabituation in Aplysia: dependence on release of Ca2+ from postsynaptic intracellular stores, postsynaptic exocytosis, and modulation of postsynaptic AMPA receptor efficacy, J Neurosci, 2005; 25(23): 5623-37.
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Li Quan, Roberts Adam C, Glanzman David L   Synaptic facilitation and behavioral dishabituation in Aplysia: dependence on release of Ca2+ from postsynaptic intracellular stores, postsynaptic exocytosis, and modulation of postsynaptic AMPA receptor efficacy The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 2005; 25(23): 5623-37.
Roberts AC, Glanzman DL.   Learning in Aplysia: looking at synaptic plasticity from both sides, Trends Neurosci, 2003; 26(12): 662-70.
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Ezzeddine Y, Glanzman DL.   Prolonged habituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia depends on protein synthesis, protein phosphatase activity, and postsynaptic glutamate receptors, J Neurosci, 2003; 23(29): 9585-94.
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Chitwood RA, Li Q, Glanzman DL.   Serotonin facilitates AMPA-type reponses in isolated siphon motor neurons of Aplysia in culture, J Physiol, 2001; 534(Pt 2): 501-10.
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Murphy GG, Glanzman DL.   Cellular analog of differential classical conditioning in Aplysia: disruption by the NMDA receptor antagonist DL-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate, J Neurosci, 1999; 19(23): 10595-602.
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Adriana Galván, Ph.D.

Publications

A selected list of publications:

Galván A, Poldrack RA, Baker, CM, McGlennen KM, London ED.   Neural Correlates of Response Inhibition and Cigarette Smoking in Late Adolescence, Neuropsychopharmacology, ; in press: .
Casey BJ, Hare, TA, Galván A.   Risky and impulsive components of adolescent decision-making, , ; Attention and Performance: Processes of Change in Brain and CognitiveDevelopment. (M Delgado, E. Phelps & T Robbins (Eds) (in press): .
Galván A   Adolescent development of the reward system, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 2010; 4: 1-9.
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Galván, A   Neural plasticity of development and learning, Human Brain Mapping, 2010; 31(6): 879-890.
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Juvonen J, Galván A.   Bullying as a means to foster compliance , , 2009; In: A Social Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective. (M. Harris (Ed)): 299-318.
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Casey BJ, Getz S, Galvan A   The adolescent brain, Developmental Review, 2008; 28(1): 62-77.
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Galván A, Hare TA, Voss H, Glover G, Casey BJ.   Risk-taking and the adolescent brain: Who is at risk?, Developmental Science, 2007; 10(2): F8-F14.
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Spicer J*, Galván A*, Hare TA, Voss H, Glover G, Casey BJ.   Sensitivity of the nucleus accumbens to violations in expectation of reward, Neuroimage, 2007; 34: 455-461.
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Galván A, Hare TA, Parra CE, Penn J, Voss H, Glover G, Casey BJ.   Earlier development of the accumbens relative to orbitofrontal cortex might underlie risk-taking behavior in adolescents, Journal of Neuroscience, 2006; 26(25): 6885-6892.
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